Role of Botanic Conservation Gardens
We are losing the world plant cover at an increasingly worrying rate which is reducing the ecosystem this is mainly as a result of devastating human activities putting some plant species at risk of extinction. The reduced plant cover we are facing in the world to is hugely contributed by our ferocious activities such as over-harvesting and over-exploitation, use of exotic plant specious, land-use change, urbanization, environmental pollution and other activities that are not environmentally conscious. There are a variety of roles plants plays to contribute to our healthy and comfortable living, plants are our main source of nutrients, oxygen, medicine and home to millions of animal species, therefore, we need to develop an integrative conservation approach that ensures we protect and maintain them especially the endangered plant species. Given the importance of plants to humans and high risks of some species becoming extinct both public and private institutions have stepped up their conservation measures which have contributed to the emergence of many botanic conservation gardens, these gardens play a key role in the protection of endangered plant species, provide data for scientific research, promote awareness and also of human purposes. There are a variety of reasons why plant botanic gardens have become popular today to learn more continue reading the article.
One thing is the benefits of botanical gardens to human, today there is an estimated 2500 plants botanical gardens in the world with more than 6 millions accessions of living plants which is about one-quarter of vascular plant species on earth, therefore, these plant botanical gardens plays a central role in ex-situ conservation and exploration of the global plant diversity.
Plant botanical gardens play a key role in scientific research, for example, scientists can collect valuable plant data that can help them study plant-animal interactions, phonological indications due to climate change, plant physiology among other vital information that can help improve plant species or design new reliable methods of growing plants. Another benefit of plant botanic conservation is that it has a variety of plant species that allow scientists to compare a variety of plant functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.
The vital role of plant botanic conservation is in the understanding of the threatened plant species, this is made possible by the huge presence of plant species in the botanic garden, botanic garden conservation contribute to the protection, maintenance, and support of threatened plant species mainly through ex-situ conservation which is mainly conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat. Those are some of the main reasons why botanical gardens are emerging today, other important reasons include the desire to spread awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the importance of protecting the earth’s plant covers.